The Moat: The Ancient Moat exists today between the Dome of the
Rock and The El Omariah school. Though filled in with dirt and planted as
a garden, the location of this moat is just North of the edge of the paved
Platform. According to the conventional theories, the El Omariah school
is the site of the Antonia Fortress. Therefore the Moat would have been
located between the Temple and the Antonia Fortress. However, according
to the literary sources, the Moat was located to the North of the
Antonia Fortress! If this moat is indeed the moat mentioned in the historical
sources, the Antonia Fortress should be situated South of this moat.
The logical location for a defensive moat protecting the Northern approach
to Fortress Antonia and the City, would be immediately to the North of Antonia.